The cryptocurrency market is facing one of the worst runs since 2020, where all major cryptocurrencies and stablecoins or meme coins are tumbling down. However, one of the most shocking falls that the crypto industry has ever witnessed is the downfall of Terra Luna. According to the recent stats, as per CoinMarketCap data, LUNA has crashed over 85 percent and is currently selling at $0.0002136 after reaching $99.24 earlier this month. Before we understand the reasons behind this crash, let’s first understand LUNA.
What is LUNA?
Terra is a blockchain protocol that utilizes fiat-pegged stablecoins to power price-stable global payments systems. LUNA is the native token of Terra Lua and is used to stabilize the price of the protocol’s stablecoins. LUNA holders gain voting rights making the token a governance token.
While LUNA is the native token of the Terra Luna blockchain network, its most famous stablecoin, UST, is highly dependent on the governance token. To create UST, the user must burn LUNA tokens. So, for instance, earlier, you could trade one LUNA token for 85 UST when LUNA was worth $85. However, the entire dynamics of the tokens changed as now UST is worth around 44 cents due to several reasons which caused LUNA’s price overall drop.
Reason Behind this Drop
Earlier this weekend, over $2 billion worth of UST tokens were unstaked, and hundreds of millions of them were immediately sold. Such a huge sell pushed the price of the stablecoin down to 91 cents, and traders trying to take advantage of arbitrage exchanged 90 cents worth of UST for $1 worth of LUNA. However, there was a speed bump as only $100 million worth of UST can be burned in a single day.
These mechanics caused a significant shift in the UST and LUNA’s price, further fueled by the low market conditions. Stablecoins are expected to remain stable and not fluctuate too far from their pegged price. This major change is now raising questions about the stability of stablecoins.